NOx Removal Technology

Formation mechanism:


  There are three mechanisms of NOx production; first thermal type; second fuel type and third quick type. The density of the discharged NOx is closely related to the boiler type, combustion conditions and the proportion of nitrogen in the fuel. Control measures can be divided into first and second degree.

First degree measures refers to the measures taken during combustion and achieved in the boiler, which is low NOx combustion technology.


  Second degree technology is denitration as a way to clean flue gas, which involves adding reductants and catalysts into the flue gas after combustion to absorb NOx.


Danger of NOx:


  the direct and indirect harm of NOx to mankind and their living environment is much more dangerous. It will produce smog and create global warming. It will also damage the ozone layer and it is one of the main causes of acid rain.




Main solution:


一、Selective catalyst restoration denitration technology


Reaction mechanism of SCR


  Add NH3 into flue gas at the temperature of 280~420℃, the NOx in the flue gas will be converted into harmless N2 and H20, thus the purpose of reducing and removing the discharge of pollutants is served4NO + 4NH3+ O2→ 4N2+ 6H2O 2NO2+ 4NH3+ O2  → 3N2+ 6H2O 6NO2+ 8NH3→ 7N2+ 12H2O


(二)Procedures of SCR denitration system


  SCR denitration system consists of three sub-systems: SCR reaction device with its supporting system, the storing and processing system of ammonia, and ammonia injection system. SCR Process: the reductant (ammonia) is stored in ammonia tanks as liquids and conveyed by filling trucks; the liquid ammonia is evaporated by the evaporator before injected into the SCR system; the air ammonia is mixed with diluted air and enters the flue gas at the top of the SCR reaction device through the ammonia sprinkler grid; the fully mixed reductant and flue gas will be treated in the SCR reaction device to get rid of NOx.



1、High dust arrangement


  SCR reactor will be placed between economizer and air preheater Advantages: High temprature, no need pre-heated, low investment and running cost




2、Low dust arrangement


  SCR reactor will be placed behind precipitator and FGD system Advantages: less dust , low SO2 concentration, no poison phenomenon, longer service life Disadvantages: flue gas preheater will be need, higher investment and running cost


(三)Features of SCR denitration technology in Tuna



二、Selective non-catalyst restoration technology



(一)Reaction mechanism of SNCR


  spray ammonia water and urea or other amino reductants into the boiler, nitric oxide can be restored at 850~1100℃ to reduce the discharge of NOx. Because ammonia usually interacts with the nitric oxide in flue gas, not oxygen, method is called selective non- catalyst restoration technology. NH3 reducing agent:4NH3+ 4NO + O2→ 4 N2+ 6H2O carbamide reducing agent: NO+CO(NH2)2+1/2 O2→ 2N2+CO2+ H2O


(二)Procedures of SNCR denitration system


SNCR flue gas denitration includes the following four basic steps:


1) receive and store reductant

2)output of measured reductant and dilution with water

3) injection of diluted reductant at the proper place of the boiler

4)the mix of reductant and flue gas to finish denitration


  SNCR is designed and manufactured in units, which consists of reductant recycling unit, reductant dilution unit, reductant measurement unit, reductant division unit and reductant injector.


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